SSL、httpsの証明書の安全性、期限をチェック、確認するツール、サイト

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SSL、httpsの証明書の安全性、期限をチェック、確認するツール、サイトを調べてみました。

Qualys SSL LABS SSL Server Testでhttpsの安全性、期限を確認

正しいSSL証明書を利用している場合でも、Webサーバーのアップグレードが正しく行われていなかったり、利用する暗号化の方法が古かったりすると、SSLの目的が果たせなくなります。

また、関連アプリケーションで新しい脆弱性が発見されることも少なくありません。

そのため、機密性・安全性を確保するために運営しているSSLサイトの定期的な安全性のチェックは必須です。

 

しかし、SSLサイトが正しく機能するための要素は複数あり、一般的なサイト管理者には理解しにくい要素も少なくありません。

SSLサイト評価の定期的な評価に使えるのが Qualys SSL LABS SSL Server Test です。

Qualys SSL LABS SSL Server Test は誰でも無料で利用できます。

 

↓Qualys SSL LABS SSL Server Test はコチラです

https://www.ssllabs.com/ssltest/

 

 

This free online service performs a deep analysis of the configuration of any SSL web server on the public Internet. Please note that the information you submit here is used only to provide you the service. We don't use the domain names or the test results, and we never will.

 

Qualys SSL LABS SSL Server Test の使い方、結果の見方

Qualys SSL LABS SSL Server Testの使い方は、極めて簡単です。

 

HOSTNAMEのところに、URLを張り付けて「submit」するだけです。

診断するのに、1~2分かかります。

Overall Rating が A となれば、安全で問題なしと考えてよいでしょう。

 

詳細結果は以下のように出ますが、暗号化について理解していないと分からない難しいことだらけです。

Certificate #1: RSA 2048 bits (SHA256withRSA)

Server Key and Certificate #1
Subject aaa.bbb.ccc
Fingerprint SHA256: aaaaaaaaaaaaaaabbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbcccccccccccccccc
Common names aaa.bbb.ccc
Alternative names aaa.bbb.ccc www.aaa.bbb
Serial Number 0392a417f8090f06d86997c297c58ba73278
Valid from Tue, 23 Apr 2019 02:19:10 UTC
Valid until Mon, 22 Jul 2019 02:19:10 UTC (expires in 2 months and 3 days)
Key RSA 2048 bits (e 65537)
Weak key (Debian) No
Issuer Let's Encrypt Authority X3
AIA: http://cert.int-x3.letsencrypt.org/
Signature algorithm SHA256withRSA
Extended Validation No
Certificate Transparency Yes (certificate)
OCSP Must Staple No
Revocation information OCSP
OCSP: http://ocsp.int-x3.letsencrypt.org
Revocation status Good (not revoked)
DNS CAA No (more info)
Trusted Yes
Mozilla Apple Android Java Windows

Additional Certificates (if supplied)
Certificates provided 2 (2559 bytes)
Chain issues None
#2
Subject Let's Encrypt Authority X3
Fingerprint SHA256: aaaaaaaaaaaaaabbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbccccccccccccccc
Valid until Wed, 17 Mar 2021 16:40:46 UTC (expires in 1 year and 9 months)
Key RSA 2048 bits (e 65537)
Issuer DST Root CA X3
Signature algorithm SHA256withRSA

 

Configuration

Protocols
TLS 1.3 No
TLS 1.2 Yes
TLS 1.1 No
TLS 1.0 No
SSL 3 No
SSL 2 No
For TLS 1.3 tests, we only support RFC 8446.

Cipher Suites
# TLS 1.2 (suites in server-preferred order)
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 (0xc02f) ECDH x25519 (eq. 3072 bits RSA) FS 128
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 (0x9e) DH 2048 bits FS 128
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 (0x9c) WEAK 128
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256 (0xcca8) ECDH x25519 (eq. 3072 bits RSA) FS 256
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256 (0xccaa) DH 2048 bits FS 256
OLD_TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256 (0xcc13) ECDH x25519 (eq. 3072 bits RSA) FS 256
OLD_TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256 (0xcc15) DH 2048 bits FS 256
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA256 (0xc4) DH 2048 bits FS WEAK 256
TLS_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA256 (0xc0) WEAK 256
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 (0xc027) ECDH x25519 (eq. 3072 bits RSA) FS WEAK 128
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 (0x67) DH 2048 bits FS WEAK 128
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA256 (0xbe) DH 2048 bits FS WEAK 128
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 (0x3c) WEAK 128
TLS_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA256 (0xba) WEAK 128
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384 (0xc030) ECDH x25519 (eq. 3072 bits RSA) FS 256
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384 (0x9f) DH 2048 bits FS 256
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384 (0x9d) WEAK 256
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384 (0xc028) ECDH x25519 (eq. 3072 bits RSA) FS WEAK 256
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256 (0x6b) DH 2048 bits FS WEAK 256
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256 (0x3d) WEAK 256
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA (0x88) DH 2048 bits FS WEAK 256
TLS_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA (0x84) WEAK 256
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA (0xc013) ECDH x25519 (eq. 3072 bits RSA) FS WEAK 128
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA (0x33) DH 2048 bits FS WEAK 128
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA (0x45) DH 2048 bits FS WEAK 128
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA (0x2f) WEAK 128
TLS_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA (0x41) WEAK 128
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA (0xc014) ECDH x25519 (eq. 3072 bits RSA) FS WEAK 256
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA (0x39) DH 2048 bits FS WEAK 256
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA (0x35) WEAK 256

Handshake Simulation
Android 4.4.2 RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Android 5.0.0 RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Android 6.0 RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 > http/1.1 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Android 7.0 RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 > h2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH x25519 FS
BingPreview Jan 2015 RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Chrome 49 / XP SP3 RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 > h2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Chrome 69 / Win 7 R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 > h2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH x25519 FS
Chrome 70 / Win 10 RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 > h2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH x25519 FS
Firefox 31.3.0 ESR / Win 7 RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Firefox 47 / Win 7 R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 > h2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Firefox 49 / XP SP3 RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 > h2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Firefox 62 / Win 7 R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 > h2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH x25519 FS
Googlebot Feb 2018 RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH x25519 FS
IE 11 / Win 7 R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 DH 2048 FS
IE 11 / Win 8.1 R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 > http/1.1 TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 DH 2048 FS
IE 11 / Win Phone 8.1 R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 > http/1.1 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
IE 11 / Win Phone 8.1 Update R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 > http/1.1 TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 DH 2048 FS
IE 11 / Win 10 R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 > h2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Edge 15 / Win 10 R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 > h2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH x25519 FS
Edge 13 / Win Phone 10 R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 > h2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Java 8u161 RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
OpenSSL 1.0.1l R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
OpenSSL 1.0.2e R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Safari 6 / iOS 6.0.1 RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Safari 7 / iOS 7.1 R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Safari 7 / OS X 10.9 R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Safari 8 / iOS 8.4 R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Safari 8 / OS X 10.10 R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Safari 9 / iOS 9 R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 > h2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Safari 9 / OS X 10.11 R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 > h2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Safari 10 / iOS 10 R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 > h2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Safari 10 / OS X 10.12 R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 > h2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Apple ATS 9 / iOS 9 R RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 > h2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
Yahoo Slurp Jan 2015 RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS
YandexBot Jan 2015 RSA 2048 (SHA256) TLS 1.2 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ECDH secp256r1 FS

Secure Renegotiation Supported
Secure Client-Initiated Renegotiation No
Insecure Client-Initiated Renegotiation No
BEAST attack Mitigated server-side (more info)
POODLE (SSLv3) No, SSL 3 not supported (more info)
POODLE (TLS) No (more info)
Zombie POODLE No (more info) TLS 1.2 : 0xc027
GOLDENDOODLE No (more info) TLS 1.2 : 0xc027
OpenSSL 0-Length No (more info) TLS 1.2 : 0xc027
Sleeping POODLE No (more info) TLS 1.2 : 0xc027
Downgrade attack prevention Unknown (requires support for at least two protocols, excl. SSL2)
SSL/TLS compression No
RC4 No
Heartbeat (extension) No
Heartbleed (vulnerability) No (more info)
Ticketbleed (vulnerability) No (more info)
OpenSSL CCS vuln. (CVE-2014-0224) No (more info)
OpenSSL Padding Oracle vuln.
(CVE-2016-2107) No (more info)
ROBOT (vulnerability) No (more info)
Forward Secrecy Yes (with most browsers) ROBUST (more info)
ALPN Yes h2 http/1.1
NPN Yes h2 http/1.1
Session resumption (caching) Yes
Session resumption (tickets) No
OCSP stapling Yes
Strict Transport Security (HSTS) No
HSTS Preloading Not in: Chrome Edge Firefox IE
Public Key Pinning (HPKP) No (more info)
Public Key Pinning Report-Only No
Public Key Pinning (Static) No (more info)
Long handshake intolerance No
TLS extension intolerance No
TLS version intolerance No
Incorrect SNI alerts No
Uses common DH primes No
DH public server param (Ys) reuse No
ECDH public server param reuse No
Supported Named Groups x25519, secp256r1, secp384r1 (server preferred order)
SSL 2 handshake compatibility No

HTTP Requests
1 https://aaa.bbb.ccc/ (HTTP/1.1 200 OK)

Miscellaneous
Test date Sat, 18 May 2019 08:06:44 UTC
Test duration 358.938 seconds
HTTP status code 200
HTTP server signature nginx
Server hostname xxxx.xserver.jp

 

 

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